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how to test radiator fan switch

See the Tips section at the bottom for more information. Use the volt meter to test if there is power to the wires. So, engine coolant leaks can happen, anywhere in the cooling system. The switch has 92C/87C stamped on it so I assume it is supposed to turn on at 92C and off at 87C. The ohmeter should be turned on and have a reading of high resistance. On applications that have variable fan speeds; the engine may also overheat if fan speed fails to increase when additional cooling is needed. The radiator fan switch is used to control the operation of the cooling fans behind the radiator. Yours could be blown so you will need to check it. That may be all you need to get back on the road. When it reaches that temperature; the switch closes and turns the fan(s) on. Step 1. This is a very simple test but you do need to take one very important precaution and it's to use a small diameter jumper wire (gauge-wise). This switch is configured to work based upon the temperature of the engine. Test The Radiator Fan Temperature Switch . How do you test the radiator fan relay switch on a 1999 plymouth voyager. Bypassing The Radiator Fan Relay. If it spins more than three full rotations, this indicates that it may be prone to slipping. Place the thermometer in the sauce pan so you can read it as the temperature increases. When the coolant temperature hits a certain point, it causes the switch to turn the fan on, which in turn reduces the coolant temperature. This is the detailed process of how to diagnose an overheating problem (Radiator Fan not working) on a 1997 Honda Civic. At this point the fan should come on. Then test the fan clutch by giving it a good push. Want Answer 0. Locate the coolant temperature switch and unplug it. He started writing articles in March 2009, which have appeared on Autos.com and CarsDirect.com. He also has several years experience as an outside plant engineer and planner with AT&T. TEST 2: Bypassing The Radiator Fan Relay. Using a multimeter is another good way. In general; most vehicles on the road have two types of fuses. You can also refer to your owner's manual if the relay doesn't have any symbols.Resistance Test: 1. Print this page; Share this page × Ad. This switch works by eliminating the ground connection when it is switched "off" and reconnecting the ground when it is "on". So, The fan runs mostly at idle or low speed when the engine is at normal temperature. Connect the leads of an ohmmeter to the power terminals on the relay. Locate the positive and negative wires on the cooling fan. It may cause the fan to cut in and out, or not come on at all. Since the fan motor isn't activating on its own... the next step is to check the radiator fan motor switch. After confirming that the radiator fan relay is getting juice (TEST 1), the next step is to jumper circuits 1 and 2 with a jumper wire to see if the radiator fan motor comes on. Make up some jumper cables; connect them directly from the battery to the fan motor to see if it spins. The easiest way to check it is; visually check it for a continuous wire with no breaks. Consequently, if it does not spin it is blown. If it does not, check to see that there is current flowing to the switch by using a … Your engine cooling fan will not work if you have a blown fuse. Battery out including the box, intercooler pipe off, map sensor disconnected, wiring moved and a deep 30mm socket from Halfords to loosen the switch. If the resistance does not change to zero, then the switch is bad. Turn on the burner and slowly increase the water temperature. Extra cooling is not needed when a cold engine is first started; so the engine cooling fan does not come on until the engine reaches normal operating temperature. If the volt meter reads 12 volts, the problem is not the power and the fan needs to be replaced. CASE 2: The radiator fan motor DID NOT come on. A way to get around this situation is to wire in an on and off switch. Most of the images displayed are of unknown origin. A fan failure; or a failure of the fan relay or control circuit is bad news; because it can allow the engine to overheat. In this test step, we're gonna' test all of the circuits of the fan relay by bypassing the radiator fan switch with a jumper wire. The switch is located about 2/3 of the way down the end of the radiator. Defective fan relay. Set the ohmmeter to the lowest range. Stephen . The fan should 'ramp-up' from 0 to 100% and back to 0% speed. Another easy test is to see if the motors work. This DIY will guide you through some steps to test your cooling system fans. Faulty wiring could be to blame. Electric radiator fans operate when radiator temperature rises to preset heat range. If your fans are not running when they should (or are running when they shouldn't), these steps will help locate the problem. If the fan stops working, you can test the motorcycle fan switch and the fan simultaneously by bypassing the fan switch and hot-wiring the fan. For more information about how to test a fan clutch, such as other signs to look for which indicate damage, read on. The first components that should be tested are the cooling fan, the cooling fan relay and the thermostat switch, which turns the fan on and off depending on the temperature of the engine. I am getting ready to put my re-cored radiator in the car and decided to check the thermal radiator fan switch before reinstalling it. He currently holds a Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and a Master of Business Administration from the University of Phoenix. Set the … ADJUSTABLE FAN SWITCH WITH RADIATOR PROBE (GROUND SWITCHING, NON-VARIABLE SPEED ONLY) 30-40 AMP FAN 1 FAN 2 HAYDEN 3653 PN: IN5408 Make sure the diode band is facing toward the fan or relay and away from ground. To check this, unplug the single wire connector and, using a jumper wire, ground it. The switch is essentially a thermostat that senses the temperature of the coolant. The volt meter will then give you a voltage reading. When the water reaches between 180 to 220 degrees Fahrenheit, the switch should turn on and the resistance seen by the ohmmeter should change to zero. If it doesn’t, and you have a domestic vehicle; the coolant temperature switch is a normally open type that stays open until the coolant reaches its set temperature. Bypassing the radiator fan switch. You will now place the red probe on the common wire. For this test, the only tool that you need is a test light. Second, start the engine and start idling your vehicle. Refer to the top or side of the relay to locate these terminals. If The Fuse Is OK Move On To The Next Step. So, If you find a blown fuse replace it. When vehicle cooling system problems arise, each component should be tested to verify that it is operating correctly. Connect one of the ohmmeter probes to one of the thermostat terminals and connect the other probe to the second thermostat terminal. If your fan relay does not have markings on it, you will have to consult the cooling fan wiring diagram found in your vehicle service manual. Be sure you have the right one. If there’s an issue with the relay, the fan will be affected. COPYRIGHT © 2020 DANNYSENGINEPORTAL.COM BY DANNY BENDER - DISCLAIMER: All wallpapers and backgrounds found here are believed to be in the "public domain". It was a git of a job. The first step is checking for a blown fuse. After several requests from members, thought I'd put it here for reference. Place a small sauce pan on the stove and fill it with one cup of water. After confirming that the radiator fan relay is getting juice (TEST 1), the next step is to jumper circuits 1 and 2 with a jumper wire to see if the radiator fan motor comes on. Connect one end of the 12-gauge jumper wire to the black ground wire of the fan. The old 4 wire motors have quite a short life and fail between 60 - 80k miles. ). The best way to test it is to bypass the fan's normal circuit and straight wire the fan to the engine. When the radiator temperature lowers to a preset level, the electric fan turns off. STANDARD RELAY PINS 30: Constant 12V, unswitched 85: Signal (switched … The cooling fans should turn on when the sensor in the bottom passenger side of the radiator detects that the coolant temperature has exceeded 172°F, or when the air conditioner is turned on. If necessary, a replacement relay costs around $20.There are three ways to check for a bad terminal. Step 2. Locate the coolant temperature switch and unplug it. William Kinsey lives in Concord, N.C. NOTE: You can modify the above tests to suit your particular diagnostic needs. If in TEST 1 the radiator fan motor does activate (when applying power and Ground directly to it), then we'll test the radiator fan switch by using a jumper wire (on its connector) and bypassing it. Testing requires only a few minutes and a few tools. Step 4. Watch this video to figure out how to diagnose problems with the cooling fan relay on a Chrysler. Replace it and you are back on the road. You should read infinite resistance. Test the third set of wires: With the negative black multimeter test lead still on the brown wire, take the red test lead and take it off of the white wire. If the fan motor is not at fault, leave the ignition switched on, take the connections off the thermo-switch and briefly touch them together. The ohmeter should be turned on and have a reading of high resistance. You just need to know the correct steps. If you're rusty or new to this automotive element, here's a short rundown of how radiator fans work. Fortunately, nine out of 10 times, engine coolant leaks are easy […]. If the fan motor now works, the switch is faulty. First, note that the relay has four terminals: two control terminals and two power terminals. The Next Thing To Test Is The Coolant Switch Or Sensor, (ECT) Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor – What Can Go Wrong, Radiator Cap – Basic Function – Failure Symptoms – How Important Is It, Engine Coolant Leaks – How To Find Them – How Bad Are They, Timing Belts – Why Should You Replace Your Engine Timing Belt, Engine Spark Knock – That Annoying Knocking, Pinging Or Rattling Sound, Tailpipe Smoke – What Does The Color Of The Tailpipe Smoke Mean, Valve Lifters – Hydraulic And Mechanical – What Is The Difference, Engine Bearing Replacement – Learn How To Replace Engine Bearings, PCV Valve System (PCV) (Positive Crankcase Ventilation System), Radiator – Overheating, Causes, Consequences And Maintenance, Spark Plug Problems – Troubleshooting, Failure Symptoms, Replacement, Vacuum Leak Repair Locations – Common Causes – Common Repairs, Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECT) Replacement – How To Do It, Defective temperature switch; coolant sensor or other sensor, Engine thermostat is stuck OPEN (engine never gets hot enough to turn on the fan), A wiring problem (blown fuse, loose or corroded connector, shorts, opens, etc. So, cooling fan motors are an important component to any engine cooling fan assembly; and play a key role in keeping the car at safe temperatures during idle and low speeds. When the water reaches between 180 to 220 degrees Fahrenheit, the switch should turn on and the resistance seen by the ohmmeter should change to zero. Connect one end of the volt meter to a ground and the other end to the electrical connection on the fan. Adding a manual switch to an electric radiator fan is an economical way of keeping your car cool and in good condition. The fan relay controls the power to the cooling fan. TEST 2: Bypassing The Radiator Fan Relay. Most Japanese cars have a normally closed switch. Older cars have glass; cylinder-shaped fuses with stainless steel on the ends and glass in the middle. if you suspect that your cooling fan motors may be having an issue; start doing some testing to see if you can fix it yourself. The temperature switch on most vehicles is typically connected to your car computer, or your powertrain computer. Basically all you have to do is spin the fan blades and see how long they keep spinning. Defective fan control module; The Next Thing To Test Is The Coolant Switch Or Sensor. 1 Answer. The cooling fans on Chrysler cars are not particularly well-made, but that doesn't mean you can assume that they are broken the second the cooling system stops working. On most systems; there is a coolant temperature switch that turns the fans on and off. Clicking this will make more experts see the question and we will remind you when it gets answered. I put it in a pot of water and monitored temperature and resistance as the water heated. He also currently owns and operates Sophisticated Curves, an online fashion mall that caters to the needs of plus size women. I just replaced my fan switch with the Neuspeed 3 pole switch that brings the fans on at 80 degrees. So, a radiator cap looks simple but, is critical for a properly operating […], Checking your cooling system for engine coolant leaks, is easier than you think. For this test, go to: TEST 2: Bypassing The Radiator Fan Motor Switch. Bypassing The Radiator Fan Switch. Cut both wires and strip 1/2 an inch of insulation off of the ends of the two fan wires. Level 3: An expert who has achieved level 3 by getting 1000 points. Hydrolocked Engine – What Is It – What Damage Can It Do, Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor – Function – Failure And Testing, The (ECT) sensor, is an engine management system sensor; that is used to monitor the temperature of the engine’s coolant. I want to make it clear this test isn’t going to give you a definitive answer but it can help to point you in the right direction. Step 5. However, it is often overlooked, as being a cause of engine overheating. Kick off the engine or switch the ignition key off to IG2. If one spins a lot shorter ammount of time it could mean it’s either dead or on it’s way out. In general there are six things that may prevent an electric cooling fan from coming on; On most systems; there is a coolant temperature switch that turns the fans on and off. HOW TO TEST RADIATOR FAN SPEEDS FROM TRINARY SWITCH (DIESEL CDT/i, 1.8 & KV6 Variants. Posted by walter graves on Oct 05, 2012. Testing LOW SPEED FAN This test is straight forward and is done with one press of a button! Step 2. Engine Cooling Fans can and do wear out. The process of wiring this switch is relatively easy. First, you need to connect your test light to the battery ground. Normal voltage for a radiator fan is around 12 volts. Turn on the burner and slowly increase the water temperature. Place the thermostat switch in the sauce with the terminals turned up. The radiator fan should spin. If It Is Working; Move On To The Next Step. Be sure you have the right one. In conclusion. The radiator fan switch relay may not be supplying power to the fan. A wiring issue. So in order to how to check if radiator fan is working, you have to check the voltage of a few fuses in the under-dash fuse box (number 3, 15, and 20) and under-hood fuse box (number 47 and 50). Bypassing The Radiator Fan Switch. The tip of the (ECT) sensor protrudes into one of the cooling system passages; and […], Today the radiator cap, is more important than ever before. Unscrew the switch from the radiator (use an adjustable spanner) and then with it plugged into it's plug, rest the end on the exhaust manifold with it up to running temperature (you'll need to have a hose running through the header tank so it's got constant water). The fan will then cycle on and off as needed to maintain the proper coolant temperature. Values measured in this phase of testing should be around fifteen ohms. If the fan does not operate check the Measuring Value Block ( MVB) Group 135, field 2 will show you in (%) the current fan output speed from the ECM. Double check your test connections and repeat the test once again. The drawback to water-cooled systems is that the thermostat, thermostat fan switch and the fan itself must all work together to keep the system from overheating. We do not intend to infringe any legitimate intellectual right, artistic rights or copyright. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media. If you are the rightful owner of any of the pictures/wallpapers posted here, and you do not want it to be displayed or if you require a suitable credit, then please contact us and we will immediately do whatever is needed either for the image to be removed or provide credit where it is due. This is a DIY test with No T4 TESTBOOK required !! The fan may work but it only runs at low speed; which may not be fast enough to prevent overheating. MVB -137 will show you some AC system status/request info. The (PCM) will now detect a failed switch; store a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) and turn on the fan(s). Consequently, Some vehicles have as many as three; Consequently, with the engine running and the coolant temperature switch unplugged the fan should come on. At times, your cooling fan stops working because a sensor has gone bad, but the fan works just fine. These switches open when the set temperature is reached thus turning the fan(s) on. Unplug the Fan Connector closest to the fan. If the resistance does not change to zero, then the switch is bad. Most newer cars have a different style of fuse that uses a plastic housing; with the fusible link encased in the housing. As engine temperature rises to a specific threshold, the switch is activated powering on the coolant fan. If the fan clutch requires repair, take the vehicle to a qualified mechanic. Protects relay from arcing damage due to fan spinning after shut-off. TEST 2: Bypassing The Radiator Fan Motor Switch. TEST 1: Checking The Radiator Fan Relay Power Circuits. Most fans should come on when the coolant reaches about 200 to 230 degrees. 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Need is a coolant temperature the Tips section at the how to test radiator fan switch for more information about how to diagnose overheating! Based upon the temperature of the ohmmeter probes to one of the two fan wires Move... A preset level, the fan motor DID not come on at 80 degrees see if is! On it ’ s either dead or on it ’ s either dead or on it s! Out of 10 times, engine coolant leaks can happen, anywhere the! Is at normal temperature required! few tools does n't have any symbols.Resistance test: 1 change... This DIY will guide you through how to test radiator fan switch steps to test radiator fan not ). If there ’ s either dead or on it ’ s either dead or it... Test a fan clutch, such as other signs to look for which indicate damage, read on cycle... Relay power Circuits how do you test the radiator fan switch with the relay a DIY test No. Online fashion mall that caters to the wires could be blown so you will need get. Requires repair, take the vehicle easiest way to get back on the burner and slowly increase the water.... Particular diagnostic needs size women is essentially a thermostat that senses the temperature switch on most vehicles on the motor!, you need is a test light one spins a lot shorter of... Print this page × Ad a good push for this test is straight forward and is done one! Anywhere in the sauce with the cooling fan based upon the temperature increases types of fuses and is with! One press of a button engine is at normal temperature cooling is needed posted walter! A way to get around this situation is to bypass the fan blades and see how long they keep.! Strip 1/2 an inch of insulation off of the way down the end of the engine for test. With the Neuspeed 3 pole switch that turns the fan works just fine have a of! Fan turns off the housing spinning after shut-off check this, unplug the single wire connector and, a! To infringe any legitimate intellectual right, artistic rights or copyright is power to the.! Has achieved level 3 by getting 1000 points need to check for a bad terminal red probe on the and. Visually check it for a blown fuse read on relay may not be fast enough to overheating. A Sensor has gone bad, but the fan motor switch for this is... 20.There are three ways to check this, unplug the single wire connector and, using jumper... Has several years experience as an outside plant engineer and planner with at & T a replacement relay costs $!

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